Basel Minster (Basel)

The Basel Minster is one of the main landmarks and tourist attractions of the Swiss city of Basel. It adds definition to the cityscape with its red sandstone architecture and coloured roof tiles, its two slim towers and the cross-shaped intersection of the main roof. It is listed as a heritage site of national significance in Switzerland.

Originally a Catholic cathedral and today a reformed Protestant church, it was built between 1019 and 1500 in Romanesque and Gothic styles. The late Romanesque building was destroyed by the 1356 Basel earthquake and rebuilt by Johannes Gmund, who was at the same time employed for building the Freiburg Munster. This building was extended from 1421 by Ulrich von Ensingen, architect of the cathedral towers at Ulm and Strasbourg. The southern tower was completed in 1500 by Hans von NuBdorf.

The artwork and religious iconography of Basel Minster is greatly celebrated - look out for portraits of Henry II and his wife Empress Kunigunde who were great benefactors to Basel Minster as well as a series of story panels that show a 'Prince of this world' seducing an unfortunate virgin. Desiderius Erasmus, the great Renaissance theologian, is buried at Basel Munster as is the renowned mathematician Jacob Bernoulli (also known as James or Jacques).


Top tourist attractions:

Switzerland - Basel

Kunsthalle Basel
Kunstmuseum Basel Fine Arts Museum
Basel Minster
Rathaus Basel Town Hall
Basel Historical Museum

Beyeler Foundation
University of Basel



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