The National Gallery of Canada located in the capital city Ottawa, Ontario, is
one of Canada's premier art galleries. The Gallery is now housed in a glass and
granite building on Sussex Drive with a notable view of the Canadian Parliament
buildings on Parliament Hill. The acclaimed structure was designed by Moshe
Safdie and opened in 1988.
The Gallery has a large and varied collection
of paintings, drawings, sculpture and photographs. Although its focus is on
Canadian art, it holds works by many noted American and European artists. It has
a strong contemporary art collection with some of Andy Warhol's most famous
works. In 1990 the Gallery bought Barnett Newman's Voice of Fire. In 2005, the
Gallery acquired a painting by Italian Renaissance painter Francesco Salviati.
In 2005, a sculpture of a giant spider, Louise Bourgeois's Maman, was
installed in the plaza in front of the Gallery. In 2011 the gallery installed
Canadian sculptor Joe Fafard's Running Horses next to the Sussex Drive entrance,
and American artist Roxy Paine's stainless steel sculpture One Hundred Foot Line
in Nepean Point behind the gallery.
The Canadian collection, the most
comprehensive in Canada, holds works by Tom Thomson, the Group of Seven, Emily
Carr, Alex Colville, Jean-Paul Riopelle and Louis-Philippe Hébert. The Gallery
organizes its own exhibits which travel across Canada and beyond, and hosts
shows from around the world, often co-sponsored with other national art
galleries and museums.
The Gallery's collection has been built up through
purchase and donations. Much of the collection was donated, notably the British
paintings donated by former Governor General Vincent Massey and that of the