The Forte de Sao Filipe, also known as Castle of San Felipe, is a fortress
located in a dominant position on a hill, opposite the city of Setubal. From the
castle, you have magnificent views of Setubal, the Serra da Rabida, the Troia
Peninsula, and the delta of the Sado River.
The Forte de Sao Filipe was
built in the 16th century by Philip II of Spain (later Philip I of Portugal).
The beginning of the works date from 1582 and its purpose was to defend the
setubalenses borough. The plan of the construction works were entrusted to
Filipe Terzi, an Italian architect.
Following the beginnings of the
military architecture of that time, where the artillery had an increasingly
important role in the war arts, the Forte de Sao Filipe presents a starry form
of six points in which the walls form some very sharpened vertexes. This defense
line is surrounded by a moat. On the landside arises a second wall, external to
the first and the moat. Another defense work, in rectangular form, long and with
bulwarks, faces the sea.