Italy tourist attractions map

 

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Italy (Italian: Italia), officially the Italian Republic, is a unitary parliamentary republic in Southern Europe. To the north, it borders France, Switzerland, Austria, and Slovenia along the Alps. To the south, it consists of the entirety of the Italian Peninsula, Sicily, Sardinia – the two largest islands in the Mediterranean Sea – and many other smaller islands. The independent states of San Marino and the Vatican City are enclaves within Italy, while Campione d'Italia is an Italian exclave in Switzerland.

Rome, the capital of Italy, has for centuries been a political and religious centre of Western civilization as the capital of the Roman Empire and site of the Holy See. After the decline of the Roman Empire, Italy endured numerous invasions by foreign peoples, from Germanic tribes such as the Lombards and Ostrogoths, to the Byzantines and later, the Normans, among others. Centuries later, Italy became the birthplace of Maritime republics and the Renaissance. Through much of its post-Roman history, Italy was fragmented into numerous city and regional states (such as the Republic of Venice and the Church State), but was unified in 1861. In the late 19th century, through World War I, and to World War II, Italy possessed a colonial empire.

Most famous Italian cities:

  • Rome (Roma) — the capital, both of Italy and, in the past, of the Roman Empire until 285 AD

  • Venice (Venezia) — one of the most beautiful cities in Italy, known for its history, art, and of course its world famous canals

  • Florence (Firenze) — the Renaissance city known for its architecture and art that had a major impact throughout the world

  • Naples (Napoli) — one of the oldest cities of the Western world, with a historic city centre that is a UNESCO World Heritage Site

  • Milan (Milano) — one of the main fashion cities of the world, but also Italy's most important centre of trade and business

  • Pisa — one the medieval maritime republics, it is home to the unmistakable image of the Leaning Tower of Pisa

  • Bologna — one of the world's great university cities that is filled with history, culture, technology and food

  • Genoa (Genova) — an important medieval maritime republic; its port brings in tourism and trade, along with art and architecture

  • Turin (Torino) — a well-known industrial city, home of FIAT, other automobiles and the aerospace industry

 
 

Top tourist destinations:

Europe:

Austria

France

Germany

Greece

Ireland

Italy

Netherlands Portugal Spain

Switzerland

United Kingdom

 

North America:

Canada

United States

 

Australia and Oceania:

Australia

New Zealand

 

 

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